A SLAP tear STANDS FOR Superior Labrum Anterior and Posterior tear. At the point When a SLAP tear happens, the superior portion of the labrum of the shoulder is injured. The larger portion of the labrum is adjoining to the biceps. The labrum is a cup-shaped rim of firm, fibrous tissue that pads the socket of the shoulder joint, stabilizes the shoulder joint and reinforces the ball and socket joint.

What causes a SLAP Tear?

SLAP tears are commonly caused by repetitive use of the acute trauma or shoulder. SLAP tears are frequently the aftereffect of the labrum wearing out after some time. Athletes are also highly susceptible, mainly if their sport includes excessive overhead movement or force. For instance, volleyball players, baseball players, tennis players and swimmers are at a higher danger of this developing this type of shoulder injury.

The following scenarios may also cause a SLAP tear:

  • Repetitive use of the shoulder in throwing sports
  • Shoulder dislocation
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Rapid over the shoulder or overhead movement
  • Falling onto the shoulder
  • Acute trauma from a motor vehicle accident
  • Falling onto an outstretched arm in front of or to the side of the body
  • Forceful pulling of the arm
  • Degeneration, or the wearing down of the labrum

What symptoms are associated with SLAP tears?

Most individuals experience a deep pain within the shoulder joint, accompanied by catching or popping sensation. After the INJURY, many report shoulder weakness and pain with lifting or movement.

  • Deep, aching pain
  • Pain when moving the arm or shoulder
  • Decreased shoulder strength
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Popping, clicking, catching, locking or grinding in the shoulder
  • Pain when lifting or carrying objects
  • Shoulder instability


Initial treatment techniques for SLAP tears are ordinarily nonsurgical. Depending on your harm, a shoulder specialist doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory medication to decrease pain and swelling, followed by physical therapy exercises designed to strengthen the shoulder and restore range of motion and function.

At the point When a nonsurgical treatment does not improve symptoms or you've sustained a more severe harm, arthroscopic surgery IS recommended. Surgical repair involve removing the torn portion of the labrum or reattaching the torn portion of the labrum with stitches. Our specialists decide the best strategy for repair in view of an individual patient basis.